EPA's Renovation, Repair and Painting Program


Common renovation, repair, and painting activities that disturb lead-based paint (like sanding, cutting, replacing windows, and more) can create hazardous lead dust and chips which can be harmful to adults and children. But with careful work practices and thorough clean-up, renovations can be done safely. EPA's Lead Renovation, Repair and Painting Rule (RRP Rule) lowers the risk of lead contamination from home renovation activities. It requires that firms performing renovation, repair, and painting projects that disturb lead-based paint in homes, child care facilities and pre-schools built before 1978 be certified by EPA and use certified renovators who are trained by EPA-approved training providers to follow lead-safe work practices.


Failure to comply with this rule could result in fines

up to $37,000 per day!


The rule applies to all jobs in pre-1978 housing (i.e. "Target Housing") and child occupied facilities where more than 6 square feet per room or 20 square feet outside will be "disturbed" by worker(s) being compensated for the job.


The RRP rule covers a lot of jobs: renovation, remodeling, painting, window replacement,plumbing, electrical work, heating & air conditioning, demolition, plus work performed by trades like carpenters, electricians and handymen. The rule applies to persons working for rental property owners, schools, and day care providers too. It also applies to non-profits and governmental agencies.


TARGET HOUSING - is a house or apartment (including mobile homes) built before January 1,1978 except for:


1) 0-bedroom units (like dorm rooms or studio apartments)

2) housing that is officially designated for the elderly or the handicapped

3) housing that has been tested by a State Certified Lead Inspector and found to befree of lead-based paint.


CHILD OCCUPIED FACILITY - is a building, or portion of a building, constructed prior to 1978,visited by the same child, 6 years of age or under, on at least 2 different days within anyweek, provided that each day's visit lasts at least 3 hours, the combined weekly visit lasts atleast 6 hours, and the combined annual visits last at least 60 hours. Such facilities may include, but are not limited to, day-care centers, preschools and kindergarten classrooms.

On February 22, 2013, home improvement TV show, Hometime, aired a special segment on tips and advice on EPA's Lead RRP Rule on nationwide syndicated networks and PBS.


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